Scientists have discovered antibiotics which may help in the treatment of cancer.

A team of scientists from Irkutsk, together with German colleagues managed to isolate a new strain of bacteria capable of producing antibiotics, have not been known to medical science. This was reported on the website of the Irkutsk State University.

"From the waters of the cave lakes and a substance called" moon milk ", we have identified 10 new strains. Tested all of them and choose the one for which conducted a deeper investigation. It turned out that this strain can produce more than 120 compounds, one hundred of which are unknown to science" - said a senior researcher at the Research Institute of Biology, Irkutsk State University Denis Aksenov-Gribanov. "Moon milk" refers to a whitish gelatinous coating that covers the walls and floor of the cave.

Scientists have found that certain compounds can fight strains of E. coli and thrush. In addition, the researchers suggest that other compounds may have anti-cancer and insecticidal properties.

Currently, a team of scientists is working to identify all connections and determination with which diseases are able to fight the new discovery of antibiotics.

During the experiment, the researchers first 210 laboratory mice given plain water, and then it began to add antibiotics. rodent survey results showed that at the same time with the change of intestinal microflora and there were changes in the hippocampus of mice (the hippocampus - a brain structure that is responsible for the formation of memory and emotions). It turned out that due to exposure to the antibiotic ability hippocampal formation of new nerve cells deteriorates.

The authors argue that in the further course of the experiment they were able to restore the ability of the mice to the formation of memories: for this the scientists had to restore the intestinal microflora rodents and give them the opportunity to exercise (in mice cells put a wheel for running). The researchers point out that to fully restore the function of the hippocampus was not possible without physical exertion.